The goal of health screening within a school setting is to detect possible health problems. Early identification and correction of defects will enable students to maximize their educational opportunities during the school year.
A good screening program is well organized, runs smoothly and rapidly; is acceptable to students, teachers, and parents; utilizes personnel efficiently; has neither too many over referrals nor too many under referrals; and is not diagnostic.
Who is screened: Four year olds, kindergarten, or other first-time entrants into Texas schools and Special Education students.
When: Within 120 days of admission, or before the end of the first semester.
Who is screened: Students in grades 1, 3, 5 and 7
When: Anytime within the school year.
Risk Assessment for Type 2 Diabetes (Acanthosis Nigricans)
Acanthosis Nigricans (AN) is a skin discoloration that may indicate high levels of insulin in the blood which results from insulin resistance. Insulin resistance can create a potential risk for the development of Type 2 Diabetes.
Who is screened: Students in grades 1, 3, 7 and 7
When: At the time of the Vision and Hearing test.
Scoliosis (spinal) screening
Spinal screening is designed to detect unnatural curvatures of the spine.
Who is screened: Students in grades 6 and 9
When: All students entering grades 6 and 9 who have not been previously screened. Or, any student by special request.
A student is exempt from screening if it conflicts with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination of which the student is an adherent or a member. The minor student’s parent, managing conservator, or guardian must submit an affidavit stating the objections to screening. This affidavit shall be submitted to the school nurse on or before the day of the screening procedure each year the screening is performed.
Each school nurse will submit an annual report of the screening results to the Health Services Director. Results are submitted to the Texas Department of State & Health Services annually.